Citing and referencing: sites and social networking

Web sites and media that are social

Information from web sites and media that are socialincluding blog sites, newsgroups, on the web forums, Twitter and Facebook)


  • A document on line ( maybe perhaps not just a journal article) are frequently a online Word or .pdf file, available from a webpage or website. It could add federal federal government magazines, curriculum documents and policy papers. A document on the internet is referenced differently to a webpage (see below).
  • Italicise the title of the standalone document discovered on the internet. Usually do not italicise the games of websites or sites.
  • Make use of the 12 months of book, or if the origin undergoes regular revision utilize the most update that is recent.
  • Utilize n.d. (no date) where no book date is present.
  • Where no writer can be obtained, move the organization behind the internet site, or the name, towards the writer area.
  • For forum articles consist of precise date of publishing.
  • Whenever citing a website that is entire web web page and never any document in specific or paraphrasing or direct quoting through the page/site its adequate to offer the target of this web web site within the text (no guide list entry is necessary).
  • For more information see How to cite one thing you entirely on a web site in APA design including how to proceed if info is lacking.
  •” is an automatic citation generator for Twitter developed by Ben Hedlund. (Citation seems both in APA and MLA design)

Document on the internet

Huges, L., & McMichael, T. (2011). The decade that is critcal Climate change and wellness.

Mansai, G. (2014). Dehydration (children): dental rehydration solution Evidence summary.

Note: this example of the Joanna Briggs document is also addressed being an authored report from the non-government organization should you want to add more specific information on the foundation.

structure Author, A. A. & Author, B. B. (Year of book). Title of work. Retrieved from Address

Anderson, L. (2012). Why interaction when you look at the medical occupation is essential.

Website without any author

structure Author, A. A. & Author, B. B. (12 months of book). Title of work. Retrieved from Address

Title of company in complete. (12 months of book). Title of work. Retrieved from Address

Title of document or page. (12 months of book). Retrieved from Address

Australian Emotional Society. (2010). Bushfire resources: emotional recovery and preparedness.

A pedagogy of paying attention. (2011).

Image on the internet


Sievers, W. (1966). Monash University Photograph.

Format Artist name that is last initial. (year). Title of work Format. Retrieved from Address

On line forum, discussion team, or post

Chee, C. (2010, January 10). The essential crucial therapy article for the twenty-first century: The U.S. is not discovering exactly just how mental infection works, it really is distributing it worldwide Web we blog post. Retrieved from http//

Social media marketing:

    On the web posts from social networking such as for example Twitter and website builder Twitter commonly are not cons >Twitter

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Structure Author, A. A. (12 Months, Month Time). Title of post description of form. Retrieved from